European Commission (NESSE network of experts): Education and Disability/Special Needs - policies and practices in education, training and employment for students with disabilities and special educational needs in the EU
This is an independent report commissioned by the European Commission's Directorate-General for Education and Culture and produced by the NESSE network of experts. The main author of this report is Professor Sheila Riddell, Director of the Centre for Research in Education Inclusion and Diversity at the Moray House School of Education, University of Edinburgh, UK.
The report shows that currently, despite the stated commitment of European Union Member States to inclusion, children with special educational needs and disabled adults are still often placed in segregated institutions or in mainstream settings with inadequate support. The evidence presented shows that children with special educational needs frequently leave school with few or no qualifications.
The report also shows that there is still wide variation across Member States in which children are identified as having special educational needs and where they are placed following identification (in mainstream or special schools). It suggests that on-going efforts are needed to harmonise definitions and improve data gathering that will enable cross-national comparisons.