Mapping institutional and residential care for children in Greece
The study, “Mapping institutional and residential care for children in Greece”, found that Greece has a patchwork of public and private institutions and residential care with little or no oversight of quality and no monitoring of the numbers of children and what happens to them. Roots Research Centre urgently calls on the government to develop a national strategy and implementation plan to build a comprehensive child protection system based on international standards.
The mapping identified 85 institutions across Greece caring for an estimated 2,825 children including those placed through the child protection system and children with disabilities. Four of the institutions accommodate around 100 children. Only 2 appear to have fewer than 10. Most of the institutions are estimated to house around 30 children. Few institutions would therefore appear to comply with the UN Guidelines for the Alternative Care of Children which recommends that residential settings are small, organised around the rights and needs of children and reflect as close as possible a family or small group situation. International experts suggest the maximum number of children per unit should be fewer than 8.
Institutionalisation before the age of 3 is widely acknowledged to be particularly damaging to children’s development. Nonetheless in Greece 182 children in institutional care are babies and toddlers aged 0-3.
Foster care remains hugely underdeveloped in Greece – an estimated 309 children in care were living with foster carers in 2014. New legislation is needed to reduce the procedural burden of foster care as well as investment in public awareness, and training and supervision of foster carers.
More than one in four of those living in children’s institutions are in fact over 18 (760 young people). There appears to be a lack of any financial, psychological or educational support programmes that would facilitate young people’s transition to independent life.
The majority of institutions (57) are privately run. Many rely heavily on donations and private sponsorships. Most supplement salaried professionals with volunteers, with a few practically operating on volunteers alone.
The Greek government urgently needs to adopt a national strategy and implementation plan to support a transition from institutional to family and community-based care. The European Structural and Investment Funds offer an important potential source of finance to catalyse this transition. They should be invested in strengthening families, extended families and communities to respond adequately to child protection issues as well as to develop the suitable range of family-based alternative care options for those children without parental care.